Abu Musa (called Abu Musa in Arabic by UAE and
Jazireh-ye Abu Musa in Persian by Iran) has a population of
around 600 people, and is situated at the mouth of the narrows
of the Strait of Hormuz.
The largest of these three islands Abu Musa covers an area of 12
sq kms., with a diameter of 5 kms. It is roughly circular in
shape. The highest elevation is about 110 meters, obtains toward
the northern part of the Island at Halva peak (Jebel Halwa).
The mountains end as rocky cliffs or steep promontories at the
north, while at the mouths of the valleys are sandy beaches at
the south. Like the other islands in the Persian Gulf enjoys
warm and humid climate. The annual precipitation is over 100
Abu Musa is notable for its golden, sandy beaches and for its
authentic natural beauty. In the west and south-west is Abu Musa
town, the capital of the island and its most important harbour.
Fishing is the major industry on this island.
There are few significant resources on the islands apart from
red oxide (coloring pigment) and oil, and only Abu Musa can
accommodate large ships.
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